冲浪相关术语Glossary of Surfing

About the water

Barrel: The effect when a big wave rolls over, enclosing a temporary horizontal tunnel of air with the surfer inside
Beach break: An area where waves that are good enough to surf break just off a beach, or on a sandbar farther out
Blown out: When waves that would otherwise be good have been rendered too choppy by wind
Bomb: An exceptionally large set wave
Choppy, chop: Waves that are subjected to cross winds have a rough surface (chop) and do not break cleanly
Close-out: A wave is said to be "closed-out" when it breaks at every position along the face at once, and therefore cannot be surfed
Face: The forward-facing surface of a breaking wave
Flat: No waves
Glassy: When the waves (and general surface of the water) are extremely smooth and glossy, not disturbed by wind
Gnarly: Large, difficult, and dangerous (usually applied to waves)
Line-up: The area where most of the waves are starting to break and where most surfers are positioned in order to catch a wave[3]
Off the hook: A positive phrase meaning the waves are a very good size and shape
Outside: The part of the water's surface that is farther from the shore than the area where most waves are breaking
Point break: Area where an underwater rocky point creates waves that are suitable for surfing
Sections: The parts of a breaking wave that are rideable
Set waves: A group of waves of larger size within a swell
Shoulder: The unbroken part of the wave
Shorey/shore break: A wave that lasts all the way to the shore before crashing
Surf's up: A phrase used when there are waves worth surfing
Swell: A series of waves that have traveled from their source in a distant storm, and that will start to break once the swell reaches shallow enough water
Whitewater: As a wave breaks, it continues on as a ridge of turbulence and foam called "whitewater."

Techniques and maneuvers

Air/Aerial: Riding the board briefly into the air above the wave, landing back upon the wave, and continuing to ride [3]
Bail: To step off of the board in order to avoid being knocked off (a wipe out)
Bottom turn: The first turn at the bottom of the wave
Carve: Turns (often accentuated)
Caught inside: When a surfer is paddling out and cannot get past the breaking surf to the safer part of the ocean (the outside) in order to find a wave to ride [3]
Cross step: crossing one leg over the other across the board (usually to make it to the nose)
交叉走板:从板尾用交叉步走到板头(板尖)
Cutback: A turn cutting back toward the breaking part of the wave
回转:在浪上划一个横过来的8
Drop in: Dropping into (engaging) the wave, most often as part of standing up
"To drop in on someone": To take off on a wave that is already being ridden. Not a legitimate technique or maneuver. It is a serious breach of surfing etiquette.
Duck dive: Pushing the board underwater, nose first, and diving under an oncoming wave instead of riding it
Fade: On take-off, aiming toward the breaking part of the wave, before turning sharply and surfing in the direction the wave is breaking
Fins-free snap (or "fins out"): A sharp turn where the surfboard's fins slide off the top of the wave
Floater: Riding up on the top of the breaking part of the wave, and coming down with it
Goofy foot: Surfing with the left foot on the back of board (less common than regular foot)
Hang Heels: Facing backwards and putting the surfers' heels out over the edge of a longboard
Hang-five/hang ten: Putting five or ten toes respectively over the nose of a longboard
单脚/双脚扣板:单脚或者双脚扣住长板的前缘(板尖)
Off the Top: A turn on the top of a wave, either sharp or carving
Pearl: Accidentally driving the nose of the board underwater, generally ending the ride
Pop-up: Going from lying on the board to standing, all in one jump
Pump: An up/down carving movement that generates speed along a wave
Re-entry: Hitting the lip vertically and re-reentering the wave in quick succession.
Regular/Natural foot: Surfing with the right foot on the back of the board
Rolling, Turtle Roll: Flipping a longboard up-side-down, nose first and pulling through a breaking or broken wave when paddling out to the line-up (a turtle roll is an alternative to a duck dive)
Smack the Lip / Hit the Lip: After performing a bottom turn, moving upwards to hit the peak of the wave, or area above the face of the wave.
Snaking, drop in on, cut off, or "burn": When a surfer who doesn't have the right of way steals a wave from another surfer by taking off in front of someone who is closer to the peak (this is considered inappropriate)
Snaking/Back-Paddling: Stealing a wave from another surfer by paddling around the person's back to get into the best position
Snap: A quick, sharp turn off the top of a wave
Soul arch: Arching the back to demonstrate casual confidence when riding a wave
Stall: Slowing down by shifting weight to the tail of the board or putting a hand in the water. Often used to stay in the tube during a tube ride
Side-slip: travelling down a wave sideways to the direction of the board
Switch-foot: Having equal ability to surf regular foot or goofy foot (i.e. left foot forward or right foot forward), like being ambidextrous
Take-off: The start of a ride
Tandem surfing: Two people riding one board. Usually the smaller person is balanced above (often held up above) the other person
Tube riding/Getting barreled: Riding inside the hollow curl of a wave

Accidental

Over the falls: When a surfer falls off the board and the wave sucks him or her up in a circular motion along with the lip of the wave. Also referred to as the "wash cycle", being "pitched over" and being "sucked over"
Wipe out: Falling off, or being knocked off, the surfboard when riding a wave
Rag dolled: When underwater, the power of the wave can shake the surfer around as if he/she were a rag doll
Tombstone: When surfer is held underwater and tries to climb up their leash the board is straight up and down.

About people

Dilla: A surfer who is low maintenance, without concern, worry or fuss, One who is confidently secure in being different or unique
Grom/Grommet: A young surfer 
Hang loose: Generally means “chill,” “relax” or “be laid back". This message can be sent by raising a hand with the thumb and pinkie fingers up while the index, middle and ring fingers remain folded over the palm, then twisting the wrist back and forth as if waving goodbye, see shaka sign
Hodad: A nonsurfer who pretends to surf and frequents beaches with good surfing[4]
Kook: A wanna-be surfer of limited skill

About the board 
For more details on surfboards, see Surfboard.Blank: The block from which a surfboard is created
Deck: The upper surface of the board
Ding: A dent or hole in the surface of the board resulting from accidental damage
Fin or Fins: Fin-shaped inserts on the underside of the back of the board that enable the board to be steered
Leash: A cord that is attached to the back of the board, the other end of which wraps around the surfer's ankle
Nose: The forward tip of the board
板尖:冲浪板最前缘的尖部
Quiver: A surfer's collection of boards for different kinds of waves
Rails: The side edges of the surfboard
Rocker: How concave the surface of the board is from nose to tail
Stringer: The line of wood that runs down the center of a board to hold its rigidity and add strength
Tail: The back end of the board
Wax: Specially formulated surf wax that is applied to upper surface of the board to increase the friction so the surfer's feet do not slip off of the board
foil board: 水翼浆板

Clothing

Board shorts
Rash guard
Wetsuit: Often referred to as "rubber", sometimes surfers also wear a neoprene hood and booties in cold conditions
 
转自维基
 
Backside - 反手浪。(指冲浪者站在冲浪板上的姿态,即左脚在前的冲浪者向左手冲浪;右脚在前的冲浪者向右手冲浪。)

Barrel - 管浪。(指当浪的力度和地形条件足够时形成的管状的浪,如果管的空间够大时冲浪者可以在此空间内冲浪。)

Beach Break - 指有浪的区域底部全是沙结构的地方。

Cleanup Set - 指比平常的一组浪更大的一组波浪。因其扣倒时比普通的浪翻腾的远所以经常会令冲浪者脱离原位。

Close Out - 指一道浪整个同时扣掉。这种浪不适合冲浪。

Deck - 冲浪板面。

Drop In - 指同一方向同一道浪多人起乘。(冲浪的规矩之一:一道浪只允许一位冲浪者冲浪。当同一方向起乘时要让给最接近浪点最早起乘的冲浪者,其他人必须放弃,如果抢浪则非常危险!)

Duck Dive - 潜越。(一种潜入浪的动作,用手臂、膝部和脚的配合将 板压入水里穿过浪。)

Face - 涌面。

Fin - 鳍。(用玻璃纤维或其他材料制成,附在冲浪板的底部下方,控制冲浪板在水中的稳定性和方向。)

Fish - 鱼板。(一款厚且宽的短冲浪板。其额外的宽度和厚度使之非常容易的抓住浪,适用于较小并较弱的浪。)

Frontside - 正手浪。(指冲浪者站在冲浪板上的姿态,即左脚在前的冲浪者向右手冲浪;右脚在前的冲浪者向左手冲浪。)

High Tide - 涨潮

Inside - 指浪扣倒时里面的区域。

Leash - 脚绳。(一种连接在冲浪板尾部和冲浪者脚部的塑胶绳。其作用是保证冲浪者掉下冲浪板时依然与冲浪板紧密相连。)

Left - 左手浪。(指浪的爆裂点形成后波浪持续不断向左手方向爆裂。取决于冲浪者的角度而不是依据从岸边观看的角度而言。)

Long Board - 长板。(长度超过8’6尺的冲浪板。)

Low Tide - 退潮。

Mini Mal - 指介于长板和短板之间的冲浪板。(长度为7尺至9尺不等的冲浪板。其宽度和厚度不同于传统的长冲浪板。适用于冲浪初学者。)

Nose - 板尖。(指冲浪板的前端。)

Offshore Wind - 指自岸边吹向海面的风。这种风易于形成表面平滑的波浪。

Onshore Wind - 指自海面吹向岸边的风。这种风令波浪不稳定,不适合冲浪。

Outside -指浪扣倒时后面的区域。当冲浪者高喊“Outside”时亦提示其他冲浪者注意远方即将到来的好而大的浪。

Paddle - 划水。(指用臂力令冲浪板得到冲力的划水动作。)

Paddle Out - 指把冲浪板划出浪区。     

Pin Tail - 指尾部呈尖状的冲浪板。

Point Break -指有浪的区域底部全是岩石或珊瑚的地方。(Point Break比 Beach Break好因为其总是在同一个地方扣倒。遇冲这种浪时要注意配穿潜水套鞋。)

Pop Up - 起乘。(指在冲浪板上使自己从趴的状态改变到站立状态的动作。)

Rail - 指冲浪板的边。

Right - 右手浪。(指浪的爆裂点形成后波浪持续不断向右手方向爆裂。取决于冲浪者的角度而不是依据从岸边观看的角度而言。)

Round Tail - 指尾部呈弧形的冲浪板。

Set - 指连续的一组比平常的浪大的波浪,通常会3或4个浪连续一组。

Shore Break - 指贴近海滩的浪。这种浪快且强,但不适合冲浪。

Short Board - 短板。(6’6尺或更短的冲浪板。这种板速度快而且灵活,适合做花式动作。)

Square Tail - 指尾部平状的冲浪板。

Stoked - 形容冲浪者因为冲浪带来的非常好的感觉。

Surfboard - 冲浪板。

Swallow Tail - 指尾部呈燕尾式的冲浪板。

Swell -指远方的海域因风形成浪后传来的浪,这种浪的质量高,很适合冲浪。

Tail - 指冲浪板的尾部。

Take Off -指准备开始冲浪的动作,在划水后抓住浪然后起乘的一系列动作。

Tube - ( 同Barrel )

Wax - 一种冲浪板专用蜡,涂抹在冲浪板表面用以防滑。

Wipeout - 冲浪术语之一。指冲浪者自冲浪板意外跌落掉入水中。
 
来源:日月湾冲浪俱乐部
 
A.海浪的基本術語:

    1.Regular (Right) breaks / Right Hand右跑浪:背向大海,浪由左向右崩潰的浪。

    2.Goofy (Left) breaks / Left Hand 左跑浪:背向大海,浪由右向左崩潰的浪。

    3.Beach breaks 沙灘浪點:由於地質是沙灘所形成的海浪。

     4.Reef breaks 礁岩浪點:由於地質是珊瑚或岩礁或石塊所形成的海浪。

     5.Shore breaks 近岸浪點:靠近岸邊的浪區。

    6.Outside breaks 外海浪點:靠近外海的浪區(譬如:外礁浪點/Outer Reef )。

    7.Flat 沒有浪/海面平靜:沒有什麼海浪崩潰或是海平面很平靜.。

    8.Close out 浪形完全崩潰:當浪崩潰時,因浪壁完全崩潰而造成沒有可以前進衝浪的路徑。

    9.Onshore 海風:由海面吹向陸地的風向 ( 比較不適合衝浪 )。

    10.Off shore 陸風:由陸地吹向海面的風向( 比較適合衝浪 )。




 

B.其他形容用語:

    1.Bumpy: 因為吹海風而造成海平面十分不平靜的狀況;換句話說,海面很亂,蓋的很快。

    2.Hollow: 浪的捲度非常陡峭(可能形成波管)。

    3.Mushy: 浪面崩潰較為緩慢或浪上的崩潰點崩潰的較為緩慢,換句話說,浪比較沒力。

    4.Tide: 因月球引力所造成的潮汐(如漲潮與退潮)。

    5.Glassy: 浪壁的表面非常平滑,有如玻璃般似的。

    6.Choppy: 因為吹海風而造成海平面十分不平靜的狀況;換句話說,海面很亂。

    7.Current: 在海中可明顯變別或不可預知的水流 。

    8.Point break: 定點起浪(礁岩浪點)。

    9.Sand bar: 因潮汐或大雨沖積或大海浪所造成的沖積,將海砂聚集於某處而形成在水中較淺的沙灘。

    10.Dumper: 浪形完全崩潰(CLOSE OUT)。

    11.Swell: 因在海上長遠旅行的一條條的波浪,靠近岸邊而形成海浪。

    12.Set: 在許多浪中比較大的海浪,通常要經過一段時間才會出現。

    13.Tube: 浪捲的形狀像似管狀(=圓桶形/Barrel)。

 

C.海浪各部位的名稱:

    1.浪頭/浪頂(Top):浪的最高點,接近崩潰點的區域。

    2.拱波(Curl):當浪崩潰時,所形成曲/拱形的地方(可能是波管)。

    3.崩潰點(Rip):浪頂持續崩潰的地方。

    4.浪肩(Shoulder):浪壁上,在崩潰點旁邊尚未崩潰的地方。

    5.浪壁(Face):浪的面跟浪的拱牆。

    6.浪底(Bottom):浪的崩潰點的下方,尚未拱起崩潰之處。

    7.白浪花(Soup/White Water):浪已崩潰形成
 
衝浪用品

surfboard-浪板

fin-舵

leash-腳繩

wax-臘

shortboard-短板

funboard-板長在7~9呎內

longboard-長板

bodyboard-趴板

wetsuit-防寒衣

rash guard-防摩衣

gun-槍板

fish-魚板

動作術語

Paddle-滑水

Paddie out Take off-起乘

Wipe out-歪爆

Nose ride-長板站板頭衝

Hang 5-單腳站板頭

Hang 10-雙腳同時在板頭

Goofy-右腳在前

Regular-左腳在前

Backside-背向衝(如你右腳在前,那你下浪向右跑就是backside)

Frontside-正向衝 (反之) Bottom turn / Top turn-浪底/浪頂轉向

Up & Down-浪壁加速

Cut back-切迴轉向

Off the lip-浪頂甩浪

Float-崩潰點漂浮

360 Reverse 360-度轉向

Aerial-浪頂騰空

Tube ride-波管駕乘
来源:kelvin的blog
 
 

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